Various Artists: New York Is Our Home (2008)
One of four themed, double-CD compilations from the Blue Note vaults released in the same monththe others are African Rhythms (1960s hard bop homages to Africa), The Funk Jazz Brothers (early 1970s funk-jazz) and On The Corner (early 1970s fusion)New York Is Our Home brings together twenty tracks recorded by Blue Note artists between 1953-58 which helped shape the hard bop template. The compilation includes a handful of acknowledged early classics, but also some primo lesser-known tracks.
Hard bop was at the apex of African-American culture from 1955 to around 1965, when rock and soul drove it from the throne. By the time it declined, the music was heavily, often excessively codified. Between 1954-57, however, when most of the tracks on New York Is Our Home were recorded, everything was still to play for. Horace Silver may be the pianist on ten of these tracks, and Art Blakey the drummer on eight, but the only thing that runs through all of them is African-centric energy, as received through blues and gospel. Beyond that, individual expression is key.
The album includes a few acknowledged benchmark cutsnotably Silver's "Doodlin," from 1954, and The Jazz Messengers' "Avilla and Tequila," from 1955, both of which, alongside trumpeter Miles Davis' title track from Walkin' (Prestige, 1954), are generally considered to be early paradigms of the music. But none of hard bop's later, warhorse albums have been sampled, and New York Is Our Home does the legacy a favor by its inclusion of less widely celebrated recordings.
Of these latter tracks, pianist Elmo Hope's "Abdullah," from Elmo Hope Quintet (Blue Note, 1953)a rough diamond thrillingly showcasing Hope's blues drenched style with its percussive, left-hand, single-note punctuation marksis the most remarkable. But tenor saxophonists Clifford Jordan and John Gilmore's "Blue Lights," from Blowing In From Chicago (Blue Note, 1957)an unadorned but engaging, brisk bluesand guitarist Kenny Burrell's sinuous "Caravan," from Blue Lights Vol.2 (Blue Note, 1958), are also very welcome.
It's worth noting in passing that while New York, as the album title attests, may have been the home of hard bop, it was for its musicians an adopted home. Of the nineteen bandleaders featured on New York Is Our Home, only threesaxophonist Sonny Rollins and pianists Elmo Hope and Bud Powellwere born in the city. In the mid-1950s, you could make it in other places, but until you'd made it in NYC you hadn't truly arrived.
Track Listing: CD1: Avilla and Tequila (The Jazz Messengers); Minor's Holiday (Kenny Dorham); Caravan (Kenny Burrell); News for Lulu (Sonny Clark); City Lights (Lee Morgan); The Outlaw (Horace Silver); Misterioso (Sonny Rollins); Blue Lights (Clifford Jordan and John Gilmore); We Six (Paul Chambers); Don't Walk (Hank Mobley). CD2: Doodlin (Horace Silver); Gaza Strip (Lee Morgan); Abdullah (Elmo Hope); Buster Rides Again (Bud Powell); The Congregation (Johnny Griffin); Zec (Thad Jones); Algonquin (Curtis Fuller); Ande (Louis Smith); Wee Jay (J.R. Monterose); Coffee Pot (Jay Jay Johnson).
Personnel: Bands led by Art Blakey, Kenny Dorham, Kenny Burrell, Sonny Clark, Lee Morgan, Horace Silver, Sonny Rollins, Clifford Jordan and John Gilmore, Paul Chambers, Hank Mobley, Elmo Hope, Bud Powell, Johnny Griffin, Thad Jones, Curtis Fuller, Louis Smith, J.R. Monterose, Jay Jay Johnson.