Chuck Anderson: Philadelphia Ace
[Editor's Note] Chicago-born but long associated with the Philadelphia scene, Chuck Anderson is one of the many guitarists working in jazz who deserves greater recognition. With ten CDs to his name, Anderson has authored over a dozen instructional books, and maintains a busy teaching and consulting business. The developer of the Neo Classical Style of guitar playing, which approaches performing classical repertoire with a pick rather than fingers. Ed Benson's interview, originally published in Just Jazz Guitar magazine, brings well-deserved attention to this talented guitarist and composer.
All About Jazz: Tell me about your backgroundpersonal and musical.
Chuck Anderson: I was born in Chicago on June 21st, 1947. Most of my early years were spent in sportsbasketball and baseball. I had no interest in music. When I was twelve, my family moved to the Philadelphia suburb of Radnor, in Pennsylvania. I attended grade school in Wayne, and then high school in Devon, Pennsylvania. After high school, I enrolled in St Joseph's University where I completed a Bachelor of Science degree in marketing.
AAJ: When did you take up the guitar, and why?
CA: My involvement with the guitar was completely accidental. One summer holiday, when I was fourteen, my family was attending a neighborhood picnic. The neighbor was an amateur but enthusiastic guitarist. He had just purchased a new guitara Goya, as I recall. He was alternately strumming the guitar and cooking on the grill. I wandered over to get a hamburger. He took my proximity to indicate an interest in the guitar. In reality, I was only interested in a hamburger. He asked me if I liked the guitar. I shrugged indifferently and said "not really."
Undeterred, he said "I'll go get my old guitar in the attic and you can take it home and try it." I declined but he insisted. My mother heard this conversation and impressed upon me that it would be rude to not accept such a generous gift. I reluctantly took the guitar home and stored it under my bed. One day, I had turned my ankle playing basketball and had to rest the foot. Having nothing to do, I pulled the guitar out from under the bed and slowly played a chord from a sheet of chord diagrams that was in the guitar case. Once I heard the E minor chord, my life turned in the direction of music.
AAJ: Did you study or are you self-taught? Did you study music in college?
CA: I began taking lessons at a local music store at the age of fourteen. I progressed rapidly and was "promoted" to my next teacher. Dennis Sandole was at that time one of the best known jazz teachers in the country. I auditioned for him but wasn't ready to study with him. He suggested that I get in touch with one of his students by the name of Joe Federico. I worked with Joe for three years preparing for the next stage. Sandole accepted me as a student when I was nineteen. He was to be my final jazz guitar teacher. I did not study music in college. I did all of my studies with private teachers. In later years, I studied classical composition and orchestration with Dr Harold Boatrite, a noted Philadelphia composer and teacher.
AAJ: When did you plan to make music your livelihood?
CA: My direction turned seriously to a music career when I was a junior in college. By the time I graduated, it was a foregone conclusion that music would become my life. The day I graduated, I remember looking at my diploma, then my guitar, then my diploma and then my guitar. It was a warm summer day, the windows were open and I impulsively threw my diploma out the window. In this way, I suppose I symbolically rejected the business world.
AAJ: Who were your main influences?
AAJ: When and what was your first paying gig?
CA: My first paying work was a school dance in the gym at St. Katherine of Sienna. I played with a group called the Ravens and was paid the princely sum of four dollars. I was fourteen at the time.
AAJ: Do you remember any disastrous gigs?
CA: One disaster stands out. On a New Years Eve, our band was playing at a Polish American club. An argument broke out over the winner of a Twist contest. Someone swung a liquor bottle, somebody punched a woman in the face and somebody else picked up a table and tossed it at a group of people. Chaos was everywhere, but we kept playing. Bottles broke around us like the Blues Brothers. Just then, my father came to pick me up since I didn't drive. The police arrived and dragged my father down the steps toward the paddy wagon. After some ridiculous moments, he was free to go on his way. That story is forever etched in my memory bank.
AAJ: I know you played at the Latin Casino in NJ. Tell me about those days. How did you get the gig? Whom did you work with? Any special memories of it? Why did you leave the gig? What did you do after you left?
CA: I first got the call in the summer after I graduated college. One of the acts coming to the Latin needed a guitarist, but the Latin's staff guitarist had taken an engagement in Vegas and was unavailable. Apparently no one was available that week. My name was the bottom name on the list of guitar players that the contractor kept. I was totally unknown but they had no choice but to call me. Somehow, I managed to get through my first shows and the act spoke well of me. Amazingly, I was standing in the contractor's office when the phone rang. It was the Latin's guitarist, Joe Lano, calling from Vegas. He said "I'm not coming back to the Latin. They've offered me a job at one of the casinos here in Vegas." The contractor turned to me and asked, "Do you want the job here?" It took two seconds to say yes!
I played at the Latin for the next four years. Fourteen shows a week and rehearsal on Monday afternoons. I had the opportunity to work with terrific acts such as Peggy Lee, Michel Legrand, Bobby Darin, Sammy Davis Jr, Billy Eckstine, Anthony Newley and Nancy Wilson.
I have many memories of the Latinenough to fill a small book. I have told the Latin Casino story on YouTube and have had some great responses. I've heard from waiters who worked there and Jack Curtis's grandson. Jack was the Master of Ceremonies for the Latin.
AAJ: Tell me about the trio you formed in the 1970s.
CA: After four years of reading, I wanted to stretch out with my own group. I began writing, and formed the Chuck Anderson Trio in 1973. The group featured Al Stauffer on bass and Ray Deeley on drums. Jimmy Paxson and Darryl Brown also drummed for the trio. We recorded Mirror Within a Mirror in the mid 1970s. This album later became a CD, recently remastered by Alan Tucker, called The Vintage Tracks. We did jazz concert work and featured originals with new versions of jazz classics.
AAJ: I believe you pioneered the neo classical guitar; what is this?
CA: The term neo classical guitar has been used in many different contexts, To some, it is a metal style of lead guitar that uses scales like the harmonic and melodic minor scales as well as diminished 7th arpeggios. The stress is on speed.
The neo classical guitar is a solo pick style using the amplified or acoustic guitar to play classical transcriptions, original works, and variations on international folk themes. During the eight years that I worked within this style, I was endorsed by the Gibson Guitar company and called "the new Segovia" by PBS. I released a CD called Kaleidophon: The Art of the Neo Classical Guitar.
I have mastered two more neo classical CDs called Virtuosity and Timeless that I hope to release soon.
AAJ: Tell me about some of the recordings and books you've done.
CA: My jazz recordings are The Vintage Tracks and Angel BlueA Tour of Jazz. With my extensive writing background, I have also recorded the following CDs: The International Collection; Passages from the End of Autumn; Music from the Light; Christmas Wishes; Kaleidophon: The Art of the Neo Classical Guitar; and Lullabies for Parents. I have spent a huge amount of time developing educational concepts for jazz guitarists. Some of my books are: The Six Secrets of Guitar Fingering; The Pathways of Guitar; Music Pursuing The Horizon; Mastering the Modes; Modular Phonetic Rhythm, The Foundation and Workbook 1; The Private Music Teacher's Guide Volume ILead sheets to Chuck Anderson's Tour of Jazz CD; and Unlocking the GuitarNotes of the Neck.
AAJ: What's in the future in terms of recordings, books and performances?
CA: I am getting ready to record a new CD called From the Heart, featuring my trio and twelve new compositions. The DVD, called The Chuck Anderson TrioLive!, will be released soon. I have many new books under development. Master Picking, Bebop for Guitar Players, Harmonic Analysis for Jazz Improvisation, and The Evolution of Blues are some of the new titles. I will focus my attention on concert venues, colleges and jazz festivals. I am also working with Mike's Master Classes on a new master class called "Navigating the Guitar." I have an extensive schedule of lectures, master classes, private teaching, consulting and clinics. I was a guest on Bob Miles' show Miles of Music, in May of this year .
AAJ: What's your current setup in terms of guitar/amp, etc.
CA: I use a custom Gibson L5 guitar with an Acoustic Image Clarus II, Series III amp and two Raezer's Edge Stealth 12 cabinets.
AAJ: Tell me about your role as an educator and lecturer.
CA: I began teaching at the age of sixteen and have taught extensively and continuously for the past 45 years. I owned my own private music school for many years. I currently focus on my private students. Over and above teaching, I lecture for The American Institute for History Education. I discuss the role of music in society during five periods of American history. I also lecture on jazz guitar, improvisation, composition and the music business.
AAJ: What's the story behind the theft of your Gibson L5 and not playing for a long time. What got you back into playing again? Did you teach during those years?
CA: My original Gibson L5 was stolen after a concert. The loss was so devastating to me that I couldn't play concerts for a very long time. One of America's greatest luthiers, Eric Schulte, offered to customize an L5 for me if I would agree to go back and give concerts again. I agreed and he produced the customized green L5 that I play today. Jack Romano also worked on the final version of the instrument.
I never stopped teaching. It's not unusual for me to teach sixteen hours in a day.
AAJ: How do you approach teaching jazz? What methods do you use in teaching the guitar?
CA: My approach to teaching jazz is holistic. I break the material down into musical and mechanical technique, chord voicings, voice leading, comping, fingering principles, rhythm, melody and chords, improvisation, theory, ear training and repertoire.
I stress the development of the unique personality of each student. I never focus on my own style as a player. I play very rarely during a lesson, preferring to maximize the student's time on his or her own development. The methods I use are my own.
AAJ: Any of the newer players you enjoy listening to?
CA: I have never listened extensively to any specific players, nor have I ever worked out solos or riffs associated with any particular player.
AAJ: I know you play at Chris's Café in Philadelphia. Have you played with Jimmy Bruno there? If so, how was the experience?
CA: I have not played with Jimmy. He is one of our finest jazz guitarists and I've been interested in proposing a concert with Jimmy, Pat Martino and me at The World Café Live in Philadelphia. Pat was kind enough to attend a recent performance at Chris' in February. Frank DiBussolo and I gave a jazz guitar duo performance in The Great Guitar Series at Macungie Institute in late March.
AAJ: Is there a market for jazz?
CA: I feel that there is a tremendous market for jazz. The recording industry's shortcomings seem to be providing a boost in the demand for live concerts. Jazz is at its best live. They can't download the live experience. The Internet has provided unprecedented opportunities to spread the word of jazz all over the world.
Chuck Anderson Trio, The Vintage Tracks (Independent)
Chuck Anderson, The International Collection (Independent)
Chuck Anderson, Passages from the End of Autumn(Independent)
Chuck Anderson, Music from the Light(Independent)
Chuck Anderson, Christmas Wishes(Independent)
Chuck Anderson, Kaleidophon: The Art of the Neo Classical Guitar(Independent)
Chuck Anderson, Lullabies for Parents(Independent)
Chuck Anderson, Angel BlueA Tour of Jazz(Independent)
All Photos Courtesy of Chuck Anderson